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The Frýdlant Nativity Scene

Museum Specification: technical

The first mention of a Christmas crib in North Bohemia dates from 1583. Since that time, nativity scenes have undergone a long period of development and have also sometimes experienced great upheaval. However, they settled for good in the happier areas during the 19th century and found a place not only in churches, but also in the households of common people.


The material most commonly used for their production was paper, but wood, plaster and textile also began to be used and the numbers of figures similarly began to increase. The creators of nativity scenes also made use of their technical abilities and brought them to life with moving figures. 

One such person was the creator of the Frýdlant crib, a farmer who spent his entire life in agriculture, Mr Gustav Simon (1873–1953). He dedicated his whole life to the work and he opened it to the public in stages, initially in his house and later in a building purchased for the purpose of displaying it in its largest (current) form. 

 Initially, the figures were motionless, but over the years Mr Simon built a mechanism based on the principle of clockwork which he placed under the nativity scene and thus caused the figures to move. The entire nativity scene is set in the local downs of the Jizera Mountains. The nativity scene with dimensions 
of 4.3 x 2 m has almost 330 objects (people, animals, trees, dwellings…). 

In 2009–2012, the house where the nativity scene is housed underwent general restoration, as did the nativity scene itself.

MonthDayTimeSymptom
May - June Tu - Su 10:00 - 16:00 open
July - August Tu - Su 10:00 - 17:00 open
September Tu - Su 10:00 - 16:00 open
December Tu - Su 10:00 - 12:00 open
14:00 - 17:00 open

Entrance fee

Full entrance fee:20,00 CZK
Discount entrance fee:10,00 CZK
Family entrance fee:50,00 CZK Max. 4 adults and 2 children
Children's tickets:10,00 CZK for children up to 15 years
Student admission:10,00 CZK
Senior admission:10,00 CZK
 
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